A State is a political and judicial combination. At present there are 195 nations (including nation states). Citizens of a specific state in the U.S. are bound not only by the laws of the nation as a whole but also by the laws that govern their specific state. On the other hand, a Nation is a united unit of population which is full of emotional, spiritual and psychological bonds. All rights reserved. 13. A State to be called a State it clearly needs a particular area over which it holds power. • A nation is a group of people who share common cultural heritage, a bonding because of shared history and geographical boundaries. State is a territorial entity. For example, after their defeat in the World War II, both Germany and Japan lost their sovereign statuses and outside powers began to control them. In 1947 Pakistan was created out of India as a separate State. • People in a nation do not have to share language or traditions always to be called nation. The terms "state," "nation," and "country" are often used interchangeably by those who are unfamiliar with the proper use of these terms. A State can be created while a Nation is always the result of evolution: A State can be created with the conscious endeavors of the people. Mysterious metal monolith In Utah desert vanishes. There are examples of nations that are multicultural and have people with different traditions and customs and even speak different languages. A state continuously pursues the objective of national- integration. Sometimes people define nation without the requirement of having the same boundaries. A nation state or nation-state is a state in which a great majority shares the same culture and is conscious of it. • A nation is more of a political and cultural combination. A nation can not be a state; India was not a state before August,1947. Ultimately in Oct., 1990 the Germans again got united into a single state. The legitimacy of a nation-state’s rule over a territory and over the population inhabiting it stems from the right of a core national group within the state (which may include all or only some of its citizens) to self-determination. Territory. For example, the States of Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Syria, and Lebanon belong to the Arab Nation. A state is not as stable as a nation. Unity in diversity or more really, unity in plurality stands accepted as the guiding principle by all the modern civilised multinational states like India, USA, Russia, China, Britain and others. Prohibited Content 3. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Its boundaries can increase or decrease but the process of change is always very complex. For example, after the Second World War, Germany got divided into two separate states West Germany and East Germany. A state is always characterised by all these four elements. Even in such a country, there is a common thread of nationalism that binds the people together and makes the concept of a nation. A nation is more stable than the State. Difference Between Democracy and Republic, Difference Between Developed and Developing Countries, Difference Between Afghanistan and Pakistan, Difference Between Living in Australia and UK, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Falsetto and Head Voice, Difference Between Banking and Investment Banking, Difference Between Surface Tension and Interfacial Tension, Difference Between Freshwater and Cultured Pearls, Difference Between Electroplating and Anodizing, Distinguish Between Chloroethane and Chlorobenzene, Difference Between Methotrexate and Methotrexate Sodium, Difference Between Type I and Type II Interferon. Sovereignty is essential for State but not for Nation: Sovereignty is an essential element of the State. The nation-state is a modern construct, comprising a single nation as its dominant constituency, and nations are based on a common language, religion, ethnicity, history and myths. It is the element of sovereignty which makes the state different from all other associations of the people. The elements of State and Nation are different: The State has four elements—population, territory, government, and sovereignty. What is the Difference Between a State and a Nation? Nation has sometimes been considered to be identical with state and these two concepts have become merged in nation-state. institutes the idea of having a level of national security among the different nations in such a manner that does not allow one state to dominate others. A nation is often referred to as a Member State in the world bodies such as UN. A State can also be defined as a community (organized) in a specific area governed by a specific government. Nation is a community based on common ethnicity, history and traditions and aspirations. On the other hand, a State is defined in political science as a patch of land with a sovereign government. A nation, on the other hand, the territory is not essential to a nation. People may or may not share same traditions, values, language, and religion. A nation has customs and traditions. Before 1947, India was a nation but not a State because it did not have sovereignty. Love of a common motherland acts as a source of unity. Each modern state is a Nation State; nevertheless there exist some important distinctions between the State and the Nation. Content Guidelines 2. Nation refers to a group of people. Nearly all the countries of the world are divided into a number of states. State is a Political Organisation while Nation is a social, cultural, psychological, emotional and political... 3. A state is sometimes used as a synonymn for nation or country. A nation is a stable community of people formed on the basis of a common language, territory, history, ethnicity, or a common culture.A nation is more overtly political than an ethnic group; it has been described as "a fully mobilized or institutionalized ethnic group". The elements which go to build a nation keep on changing. 3. The State is limited to a fixed territory. Some nations are ethnic groups (see ethnic nationalism) and some are not (see civic nationalism and multiculturalism). The term "Nation" is not legally recognized, and its definition may vary according to geographical areas. A nation is a unity of the people which emerges slowly and steadily. • There are States that are also nations and, in such circumstances, they are called nation-states. Nation-states have their own characteristics that today may be taken-for-granted factors shaping a modern state, but that all developed in contrast to pre-national states. When the sovereignty of a state ends, it dies, which is not the case with a nation. Because China is so vast and embraces such diversity, as a matter of necessity it must be flexible: ‘one civilization, many systems’. The State uses police power (force) for preserving its unity and integrity, the Nation is bound by strong cultural and historical links: State has police power. “ There could be a Nation composed of different states, or a Nation with only one State. States often coincide with nations (and are called "nation-states," but not always. A nation can survive even without sovereignty. But for a nation territory is not an essential requirement. The elements of State and Nation are different: The State has four elements—population, territory, government, and... 2. A state is a part of nation while states make up nation. Some of the major differences between state and nation are as follows: In common usage, the terms State and Nation are often used as synonyms. • A nation is a group of people who share common cultural heritage, a bonding because of shared history and geographical... • On the other hand, a state is defined as a patch of land with a sovereign government. Common territory, common race, common religion, common language, common history, common culture and common political aspirations are the elements which help the formation of a nation, and yet none of these is an absolutely essential element. However, each nation always aspires to be sovereign and independent of the control of every other nation. How is NationBuilder different from Blue State Digital? A country, when being referred to as a State, capital S is used instead of lowercase s to differentiate from ordinary word state that refers to condition of an object or entity. State has a fixed territory. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. 1. The state is a state because of its sovereignty. 9 Major Differences between State and Nation 1. A nation is a group of people who share common cultural heritage, a bonding because of shared history and geographical boundaries. ‹ Overview up … They focus on strategy consulting, but their technology includes fundraising and advocacy tools, as well as a website for some customers. Points of Difference between State and Nation: 1. Jolie becomes trending topic after dad's pro-Trump rant. Nation is refers to people bounded by any of the following or all:Homogeneous race,religion,common cultural history whiles state comprises of people with different nations[background]combined together • On the other hand, a state is defined as a patch of land with a sovereign government. Eric Clapton sparks backlash over new anti-lockdown song It is backed by moral, emotional and spiritual power. It is the soul of the State. Yet, they are called the Jewish nation too. But a State can only have one Nation. A "state" just refers to a patch of land with a sovereign government. For example, the Kurdish people though they do not live inside the same boundaries (they live in Iran, Iraq and Turkey) consider themselves as the members of the Kurdish nations. State is a political organisation, while the nation is a unity. Territory. Nation, People and State. It must also have the right and capacity to make treaties and other agreements with other states. Disclaimer 9. They ceased to exist as States. In a State, the people are collected together by the law or the ruling power the sovereign or the government holds. 4. A State can also be defined as a community that lives under the power of the government. Image Guidelines 5. A state is a territory with its own institutions and populations. (State = Nation + Sovereignty). Introduction. There are more differences in a State and a nation as described in this article. That is not accepted by most countries though. Possession of a Definite Territory is essential for the State but not for a Nation: It is essential for each State to possess a fixed territory. For example, before 1948 the Jews were a nation even though they had no fixed territory of their own. Obviously its boundaries can easily extend beyond the boundaries of the State. In the absence of even one element, a State cannot be really a State. Hobsbawm notes that the development of nations was a relatively recent historical development. When sovereignty ends, the State dies, but not the nation. A nation is nation different from a state in various ways. The distinction between state and nation can be explained as under: Nation and State are distinct entities. 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